The Anuradhapura kingdom lasted nearly one thousand and five hundred years. King Pandukabhaya chose the already existing town Anuradhapura as his capital in 380 BC. It then served as residence and royal capital for 119 successive Singhalese kings till 1000 AD when the capital was moved to Polonnaruwa. Nowadays the former capital is Sri Lanka’s major excavation area and home to many of the earliest and grandest monuments of the ancient Sinhalese civilization. It became a popular destination for Buddhist pilgrimages, too, because of its many venerated shrines and relics.
You will see some of the most famous as well as the tallest dagobas of Sri Lanka and remains from palaces, temples, monasteries, ceremonial baths and the famous temple of the holy Bo-tree. This tree was grown from a sapling of the very tree under which more than 2500 years ago the Buddha found enlightenment. Today's Sacred Tree in Bodhgaya is not the original one anymore, but a sampling of that Anuradhapura Bo-tree again.